Further on human understanding, we were thinking about some unique subjects; yes you would have perhaps heard of them, they not that unknown after all. When someone asks us, what is Anatomy? we may answer that it’s something to do with human body. What is Archeology? We sometimes answer that it’s something to do with ancient buildings. What is history? It’s the stories of old people. What is philosophy? Some of us would say that It’s study of questions that can never be answered etc etc. So let me ask you what is Ontology and Epistemology? Well we may answer that yes I know it has got something to do with metaphysics. However when we think of human-understanding we take a deeper look into these two conducts, for example as a medical student would give a good period of her life to study of Anatomy that would provide the building blocks of nearly all the other subjects that she would study in her medical school and in her later medical studies. Ontology-Epistemology combination lays the foundation stones to human-understanding. So how did it start then? There are more than nearly 3000 years of literature on the subjects, if not more. It would be an unrealistic attempt to even try to cover all that or understand each and every point of view ever expressed. None the less it is interesting that all the discussions across the centuries are over the same primary questions that are at one level questions of all mankind. These questions are unavoidable, indispensable and obvious. The same questions were tackled by most brilliant minds in human history and the expression of their opinions had been recorded in the books as the philosophies. The exploration goes on, the challenge continues. Some famous names in the tradition are Plato, Thomas Aquinas, Aristotle, Avicenna, Rene Descartes, Michael Foucault, Al-Ghazali, Immanuel Kant, Bertrand Russell and Karl Popper etc etc etc.
So what are those complicated and difficult questions that took the whole mankind to ponder over them over centuries after centuries and generations after generations remain unanswered?
Primarily they are two questions categories. They are as simple as
1. “What is there”means What things are? what is being? what is reality? (Ontology)
2. What knowledge is? How do we know and how much/what knowledge we are capable of knowing? (Epistemology)
Do we really know the answers to these questions? And what are the major schools (Milestones of mankind) that have attempted to answer them in their unique ways and how do they correlate or differ? And most importantly how do they lay the building blocks and foundation stones of our personalised understanding of things, are major questions to purse on our quest of human-understanding.